Scripture Portion of Week 21: Ki Tisa

Exodus 30:11-34:35

The previous readings described the production of the Tabernacle, furniture, utensils, and clothing of the priest. This portion continues with describing the census tax, anointing oil, and incense.

The census tax was a half-shekel, which was between 4.3 grams and 5.5 grams of silver, which is between $2.50 and $3.00 in 2016 US dollar. This tax was collected specifically for the service in the Tabernacle, then later for the Temple. Practically, as there no Temple in Jerusalem at this time, there is no census tax of this nature. The age of a person to be counted was from 20 years old, inferring that this was the common age men began to bring sacrifices to the Tabernacle in order to represent themselves and their families.

Judaean half shekel (68-70 CE), photo by Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.

The holy anointing oil was used to cleanse the items in the Tabernacle and to cleanse the bodies of the priests. While this is certainly spiritually symbolic of being set apart or chosen for service to God, it is also physically purifying as the ingredients of the holy anointing oil both sanitize and heal. 

Instructions on how to make the holy anointing oil utilize the Hebrew shekel and hin as measurements. Each shekel was between 9 and 11 grams, 11 grams being used for the following calculations. Each hin is 3.83 liters. The ingredients in English metric are: myrrh (5.5 kg), cinnamon (2.75 kg), cannabis (2.75 kg), cassia (5.5 kg), and olive oil (3.83 lit or 3.55 kg). The oil – as it was made in those exact proportions – was used only by the priests. The priests used this oil to cleanse or set apart things and other priests to the service of God. 

A type of oil perhaps similar to this was used to declare the next king of Israel (1 Samuel 9:16-17; 10:1; 10:9-10; 16:12-13; 1 Kings 1:39-40; 19:15-16). This is the picture meaning of the English word Messiah, which means the anointed one (Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ mashiach) who was anointed (Hebrew מָשַׁח mashach) with oil. In the New Testament, a type of oil was used to heal people (Mark 6:12-13; James 5:14-15; 1 John 2:20-21, 27). The followers of Yeshua in Antioch, current day Turkey, anointed people with oil and therefore were called Christians there (Acts 11:26). Christian (Χριστιανός Christianos) came from Christ (Χριστός Christos) which means anointed one. Christ came from anoint (Greek χρίω chrio).

After describing the ingredients and use of the holy anointing oil, Moses described the ingredients and use of the incense. Like the oil, the incense was to be used only by the designated priests in the religious service of God and not for ordinary means (30:32-33, 37-38). In prophetic literature, the incense represents the prayers of God’s people (Revelation 5:8; 8:3-4).

In the previous portion, God’s holy Spirit led men to accurately produce the clothing of the priests; He again affirmed this in this portion, that He filled them with His holy Spirit (28:3; 31:1-11).

Emphasizing the importance of the Fourth Commandment, Yehovah told Moses to repeat and expand on what the Sabbath means. God said that the Sabbath day was a sign of the covenant forever between Him and His people (31:13, 16). It is also a sign of the literal 6-day creation week in Genesis 1-2 (31:17). Obeying God’s commandment of the Sabbath shows that we know and rely on Yehovah alone to make us holy (31:13). God spoke this commandment along with all of the Ten Commandments directly to the people of Israel (Exodus 19); therefore, the two flat pieces of stones on which these commandments were written are called the tablets of testimony (31:18) because God’s instructions are true and His covenant is real. The people witnessed God’s words for themselves. God wrote the commandments in stone on Mount Sinai and gave them to Moses.

Mount Sinai, photo by Wyatt Archaeological Museum

Because Moses spent so long on Mount Sinai speaking with Yehovah, the people of Israel doubted that he would return. Moses was the mouthpiece for Yehovah and spoke as God (7:1) since Israel was afraid to hear God for themselves (19:18-21). They therefore needed a something solid and visible to represent God, something in which they could put their trust. The people of Israel force Aaron to make an idol for them, a golden calf; Aaron relented and did so (32:2-4), later being ashamed of his actions and lying to Moses that the golden calf had made itself without his intervention (32:24). Aaron told Israel, “This is your God” (32:4). Aaron also built an altar to make sacrifices in front of the golden calf and proclaimed a feast to Yehovah (32:5).

Altar of the golden calf, photo by Wyatt Archaeological Museum

In the mind of Israel, the golden calf was Yehovah. Today, people burn incense and offer food at the altar of their own gods, and some even offer animal sacrifices. Many Christians, who consider Jesus to be God Himself, keep statues and illustrations of him. Artwork is full of representations of the Trinity. The Roman Catholic Church displays pagan structures and presents them as Christian, such as the phallic symbol from Egypt.

St. Peter’s Basilica photo with Egyptian obelisk from Hierapolis, photo by David Iliff

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This Day in the Bible (Day 14 Month 12)

Chronological Gospels Incident 149

John 11:17-46 (New American Standard Bible)

(Bible illustrations from Sweet Publishing)

17 So when Jesus came, He found that he had already been in the tomb four days.
18 Now Bethany was near Jerusalem, about two miles off;
19 and many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary, to console them concerning their brother.
20 Martha therefore, when she heard that Jesus was coming, went to meet Him, but Mary stayed at the house.

21 Martha then said to Jesus, “Lord, if You had been here, my brother would not have died.
22 “Even now I know that whatever You ask of God, God will give You.”
23 Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.”
24 Martha said to Him, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day.” 25 Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life; he who believes in Me will live even if he dies,
26 and everyone who lives and believes in Me will never die. Do you believe this?”

27 She said to Him, “Yes, Lord; I have believed that You are the Christ, the Son of God, even He who comes into the world.”
28 When she had said this, she went away and called Mary her sister, saying secretly, “The Teacher is here and is calling for you.” 29 And when she heard it, she got up quickly and was coming to Him.
30 Now Jesus had not yet come into the village, but was still in the place where Martha met Him.
31 Then the Jews who were with her in the house, and consoling her, when they saw that Mary got up quickly and went out, they followed her, supposing that she was going to the tomb to weep there.
32 Therefore, when Mary came where Jesus was, she saw Him, and fell at His feet, saying to Him, “Lord, if You had been here, my brother would not have died.”

33 When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews who came with her also weeping, He was deeply moved in spirit and was troubled,
34 and said, “Where have you laid him?” They said to Him, “Lord, come and see.”
35 Jesus wept.
36 So the Jews were saying, “See how He loved him!”
37 But some of them said, “Could not this man, who opened the eyes of the blind man, have kept this man also from dying?”
38 So Jesus, again being deeply moved within, came to the tomb. Now it was a cave, and a stone was lying against it.

39 Jesus said, “Remove the stone.” Martha, the sister of the deceased, said to Him, “Lord, by this time there will be a stench, for he has been dead four days.”
40 Jesus said to her, “Did I not say to you that if you believe, you will see the glory of God?”

41 So they removed the stone. Then Jesus raised His eyes, and said, “Father, I thank You that You have heard Me.
42 “I knew that You always hear Me; but because of the people standing around I said it, so that they may believe that You sent Me.”

43 When He had said these things, He cried out with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come forth.”
44 The man who had died came forth, bound hand and foot with wrappings, and his face was wrapped around with a cloth. Jesus said to them, “Unbind him, and let him go.”

45 Therefore many of the Jews who came to Mary, and saw what He had done, believed in Him.
46 But some of them went to the Pharisees and told them the things which Jesus had done.

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Scripture Portion of Week 20: Tetzaveh

Exodus 27:20-30:10

The previous reading portion described the tabernacle and some of the furniture. One piece was the menorah, the 7 branched lampstand (25:31-38). In this portion, God instructed the priests to light the menorah daily as “a statute forever” (27:21). The menorah would later play a significant role in remembering Yehovah and become the symbol for Israel as a nation. Light and lampstand are symbols of Torah (law, teaching, instruction) and gospel (good news) throughout Scripture (Psalm 119:105; Proverbs 6:23; Isaiah 42:6; 51:4; Matthew 5:13-19; John 8:12; 9:5). The lampstand also appears in prophetic literature in the heavenly temple (Revelation 2:1) and as a symbol of being God’s people, a symbol that can be removed from God’s people for lack of repentance (Revelation 2:5).

showimage-ashx

Pottery piece of the Byzantine era depicting the menorah (324 to 640 CE), Temple Mount Sifting Project

God instructed Moses to find talented people that can produce the ornaments and clothing of the Aaronic priests, the sons of his brother Aaron. This talent came from God filling them with “a spirit of skill” (28:3). This spirit from God is the same spirit that created the heaven and earth (Genesis 1:2), convicted the world of sin (Genesis 6:3), gives life to all things (Genesis 7:22; Acts 17:28), and gave to Joseph the wisdom that he needed to give Pharaoh counsel (Genesis 41:38).

One ornament was the breastpiece of judgment (28:4, 15) also called an ephod, having various parts. Two parts were called the Urim and the Thummim. Placed in this breastpiece were 12 stones with the names of the 12 sons of Israel to represent the 12 tribes of Israel. Similarly, another ornament was the pair of golden shoulder pieces with “stones of remembrance” (28:12) set in them on which are written the names of the 12 tribes. If a conflict or question of law arose, and it was not clear from the Torah, the priest adorned himself with the breast piece and represented the people before Yehovah in order to receive an answer – a judgment from God (Leviticus 8:8; Numbers 27:21; Deuteronomy 17:8-11; 1 Samuel 28:6; Ezra 2:63; Nehemiah 7:65).

Aaron shall carry the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of judgment over his heart when he enters the holy place, for a memorial before Yehovah continually. You shall put in the breastpiece of judgment the Urim and the Thummim, and they shall be over Aaron’s heart when he goes in before Yehovah; and Aaron shall carry the judgment of the sons of Israel over his heart before Yehovah continually.

Exodus 28:29-30

Just as God’s name, Yehovah, is a name to be remembered (translated memorial), so also God remembered the names of his people Israel when the priest represented them. As the menorah has significant meaning in prophetic literature, so does the breastpiece of the priest. As the stones of the breastpiece had the names of Israel engraved on them, so will new stones have the names of God’s people; God will give his people stones with their names symbolizing God’s acceptance and their new life (Isaiah 56:5; Revelation 2:17).

The History of the Costume by Braun and Schneider

Another ornament that the priest wore was the golden crown inscribed with “Holy to Yehovah” (28:36-38). At the consecration – the purification ceremony appointing an Aaronic priest to represent the nation – the priest had this crown placed on his had and was anointed with the holy anointing oil (29:6-7). Anoint (Hebrew מָשַׁח mashach) is the origin of the word Messiah, which means anointed one. It can refer to priests, kings, or the future savior of Israel who will possess the power and spirit of God. In prophetic literature, the phrase “Holy to Yehovah” will be written on various items in the new Jerusalem during the Messiah’s kingdom, such as cooking pots, bells, and items used in the Temple (Zechariah 14:20-21).

High Priest’s Crown by the Temple Institute

As another part of the consecration of the priests, they are sprinkled with the blood of the animal sacrifice that is mixed with the anointing oil (29:21). This can be understood to be a form of atonement for them, just as the horns of the golden altar of incense are smeared with blood in order to atone it on the annual Atonement Day (30:6-10). The altar of incense was cleansed on Atonement Day as “it is most holy to Yehovah” (30:10). In prophetic literature, the incense burned at the altar in heaven represents the prayers of God’s people (Revelation 5:8; 8:3-4).

High priest offering incense, from Treasures of the Bible by Henry Davenport Northrop (1894)

As a result of carefully following God’s instructions in reproducing what God had revealed to him, Moses and the family of Aaron were able to meet with God in the Tabernacle.

I will meet there with the sons of Israel, and it shall be consecrated by My glory.

I will consecrate the tent of meeting and the altar; I will also consecrate Aaron and his sons to minister as priests to Me.

I will dwell among the sons of Israel and will be their God.

They shall know that I am Yehovah their God who brought them out of the land of Egypt, that I might dwell among them; I am Yehovah their God.

Exodus 29:43-46

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This Day in the Bible (Day 8 of Month 12)

Chronological Gospels Incident 148

John 11:1-16 (New American Standard Bible)

1 Now a certain man was sick, Lazarus of Bethany, the village of Mary and her sister Martha.
2 It was the Mary who anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped His feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.
3 So the sisters sent word to Him, saying, “Lord, behold, he whom You love is sick.”

lazarus

4 But when Jesus heard this, He said, “This sickness is not to end in death, but for the glory of God, so that the Son of God may be glorified by it.”
5 Now Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus.
6 So when He heard that he was sick, He then stayed two days longer in the place where He was.
7 Then after this He said to the disciples, “Let us go to Judea again.”
8 The disciples said to Him, “Rabbi, the Jews were just now seeking to stone You, and are You going there again?”

lazarus-1
9 Jesus answered, “Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world.
10 “But if anyone walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him.”
11 This He said, and after that He said to them, “Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep; but I go, so that I may awaken him out of sleep.”
12 The disciples then said to Him, “Lord, if he has fallen asleep, he will recover.”
13 Now Jesus had spoken of his death, but they thought that He was speaking of literal sleep.
14 So Jesus then said to them plainly, “Lazarus is dead,
15 and I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, so that you may believe; but let us go to him.”
16 Therefore Thomas, who is called Didymus, said to his fellow disciples, “Let us also go, so that we may die with Him.”

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Scripture Portion of Week 19: Terumah

Exodus 25:1-27:19

The Tabernacle in the Wilderness (Holman Bible, 1890)

The Tabernacle in the Wilderness (Holman Bible, 1890)

These chapters in Exodus describe in detail the production of the meeting tent (Tabernacle) and the furniture in the tent to be used during ceremonial worship. Moses’ great attention to detail in recording this communicates the importance placed on preparing ourselves to meet God.

Moses gathered offerings from willing participants in order to produce all of the items described in this reading passage (25:2). The people had a choice to make regarding their commitment to meet with God, and they chose to do so. The choice to meet with God was not a light one. The people had to produce all of the items exactly as God had instructed Moses (25:9, 40). Considering that they were in the desert and did not have technologically advanced means of easily crafting precious metals like gold and jewels like onyx, the people had to do intense labor to complete God’s instructions in order to meet with him. But God took the first step in the relationship by providing much of the expensive materials for them by having Israel plunder the Egyptians beforehand.

Those who claim to be God’s people today should pause and consider the cost of having a relationship with the Creator. Apostle Luke recorded Yeshua’s teaching of this harsh reality.

28 “Suppose one of you wants to build a tower. Won’t you first sit down and estimate the cost to see if you have enough money to complete it?29 For if you lay the foundation and are not able to finish it, everyone who sees it will ridicule you, 30 saying, ‘This person began to build and wasn’t able to finish.’

31 “Or suppose a king is about to go to war against another king. Won’t he first sit down and consider whether he is able with ten thousand men to oppose the one coming against him with twenty thousand? 32 If he is not able, he will send a delegation while the other is still a long way off and will ask for terms of peace. 33 In the same way, those of you who do not give up everything you have cannot be my disciples.

– Luke 14:28-33

When Yehovah spoke directly to Moses regarding the Tabernacle, he intended his people to conduct worship of him in this manner forever. “It shall be a statute forever to be observed throughout their generations by the people of Israel” (27:21). At that time in history, those who claimed to be God’s people were also of Israel (Ruth 1:16), whether by genealogical lineage or by faith (Isaiah 56:6-8).

Hundreds of years after Moses and the establishment of the Temple in Jerusalem, Israel began to tolerate their kings who committed atrocities and the nation began to break the covenant they had with God. They left Yehovah. This free choice that Israel made resulted in the destruction of the first Temple. Still hundreds of years later, after the construction of the second Temple, Yeshua began teaching that his own body was God’s temple (John 2:21). Apostle John wrote that Yeshua made his tent here on earth during his ministry, reminiscent of Moses’ Tabernacle (John 1:14). Apostle Paul taught that every person was like a temple that housed the spirit of God (1 Corinthians 6:19). After the Romans destroyed the second Temple, there was no more place for ceremonial worship; this teaching of Yeshua, John, and Paul became central to God’s people.

Paul predicted the destruction of the second Temple and inability to continue the ceremonial worship when he wrote, “In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first obsolete. And what is obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away” (Hebrews 8:13). Paul referred to the ceremonial worship performed by the Levitical priests as the old covenant. This new covenant that Paul referred to is the one that Yeshua made with Yehovah on our behalf and for our sake. According to Paul, the physical Tabernacle and Temple were designed specifically according to the instructions given by God because they represent the original place of worship in heaven, the place of God (Hebrews 8:4; 9:23). According to Paul, Yeshua performs the ceremonial worship in heaven just as the Levitical priests performed the ceremonial worship on earth. Yeshua is the high priest in the original place of worship in heaven who represents God’s people, presenting himself as the everlasting sacrifice and offering our prayers to Yehovah (Hebrews 9:24).

In God’s future kingdom, his King will rule from Jerusalem for 1,000 years and God’s people will have a third Temple where they and the rest of the people in the world can go to meet with God and worship him (Ezekiel 40-48; Zechariah 14; see also Daniel 9:27; 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4; Revelation 11:1-2). The construction of the third temple is constantly in the news and a point of contention. After the 1,000 years, God will create a new heaven, new earth, and new Jerusalem. Yehovah himself will setup his tent (or live with) his people, but there will not be any need for a Temple or ceremonial worship (Revelation 21:1-4, 22).

This is the hope of all people who believe and obey Yehovah. This is the gospel (or good news) of the Kingdom. God will resurrect his people to live with him forever (Daniel 12:2-2; Ezekiel 37:11-14; Matthew 4:23; 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17; Revelation 20:4; 12:12).

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Scripture Portion of Week 18: Mishpatim

Exodus 21:1-24:18

The understanding of the Torah (תּוֹרָ֣ה direction, instruction, law) among many New Testament Christians tends to be relegated only to the Ten Commandments that all of Israel heard blasted like thunder from Mount Sinai in chapter 20 of Exodus. However, the rest of the rules in the subsequent chapters are inextricably linked as God continues to give instructions regarding other matters, such as building an altar and offering sacrifices (20:22-26). The Torah is not limited to ten commandments, but includes all that Yehovah spoke to Moses.

Torah scroll

The chapters following the Ten Commandments give instructions on how to treat other people. Even when, due to differences in time, place, and culture, we cannot literally follow the instructions, we should extract the principle meaning and purpose of the instructions and apply them to our own lives as best as we can.

The first group of instructions deals with slaves (Hebrew עֶ֣בֶד eved, Greek δοῦλος doulos). Slavery in Israel was debt servitude. Cross-references for instructions regarding slavery are Leviticus 25:39-55, Deuteronomy 15:12-18, Deuteronomy 21:10-14, and Jeremiah 34:8-22. Points to consider regarding slavery in ancient Israel:

  1. Hebrew slaves worked to pay their debt no more than 6 years at a time. Non-Hebrew slaves did not have this time limit (Ex. 21:2; Deut. 15:12). 
  2. Hebrew slaves were freed and returned to their ancestor’s property at the end of every Jubilee cycle (at the end of every 49 years) on the Hebrew calendar. Non-Hebrew slaves did not have this time limit (Lev. 25: 39-40).
  3. Masters must generously give starting capital to the slaves after they are freed (Deut. 15:13-14).
  4. Slave masters sometimes provided a wife and family for the slaves (Ex. 21:4).
  5. Slaves sometimes chose to remain with their masters for a lifetime (Ex. 21:5).
  6. If a master changes his mind about a female slave, he must sell her back to relatives (Ex. 21:8).
  7. If a female slave marries into the master’s family, she must have rights as a daughter (Ex. 21:9).
  8. If the master marries a female slave, she shall have full rights as his wife (Ex. 21:10-11).
  9. Masters should not rule ruthlessly but treat the slaves as hired servants year by year (Lev. 25:43, 52-53).
  10. Female captives of war cannot be married until they have a time of mourning for their families and the man has time to consider the decision. Once married, she has rights as a wife. If divorced, cannot become a slave once again but must go as she pleases (Deut. 21:10-14).

The pivotal event ending Israel as a nation was the destruction of Jerusalem and slavery into Babylon. This was the penalty for Israel mistreating their slaves (Jeremiah 34:8-22). Today, those who have outstanding debt may have their wages garnished or may be imprisoned. Garnishing wages is a similar concept to the debt slavery practiced in ancient Israel. Curiously absent from the Torah is any consideration of a prison system.

The next group of instructions explain in detail how we should treat others. Various punishments ensue after physically harming people. Due to secular government law, the punishments cannot be implemented. God’s people should attempt to obey the instructions as best as they can even though the punishments incurred for disobedience may be different. For example, God protected the rights of the unborn child and required severe punishment to those who caused an unborn child harm, but most governments today allow abortion. God’s people must still oppose abortion even though this action has no legal punishment today.

exodus-21-unborn

  1. Intentional injury to others requires a punishment of the same, regardless of social status as a free man or a slave (Ex. 21:12, 20).
  2. Unintentional injury to others requires the guilty person to run away to a city of refuge. (21:13).
  3. Unintentional injury done to an unborn child requires punishment of the same injury (21:22-25). Those doing violence toward or swearing violence toward parents receive the death penalty (21:15, 17). Swearing violence toward the government rulers is forbidden (22:28).
  4. Kidnapping receives the death penalty (21:16).
  5. People can use lethal force to defend themselves and their property from burglars and home intruders, but killing the intruder should be avoided if possible (22:2-3).Injury resulting in loss of work requires worker’s compensation (21:18-19).
  6. Mistreating others is especially abhorrent if they cannot defend themselves, for example a foreigner, an orphan, or a widow (22:21-24).
  7. If proper precautions are not observed when doing field work or other work changing the environment (such as digging a hole), and this causes injury to someone’s animals or other people, then the person is responsible (21:33-34).Animals that cause injury to humans or other animals must be put to death (21:28-29, 35-36).
  8. People should be good neighbors by returning property to them when found or by rescuing their animals (23:4-5)
  9. Masters who permanently injure their slaves must let the slaves go free (21:26-28). Animals known to be violent that cause death to a person must be put to death along with the animals’ owners (21:29).
  10. Stealing from others requires reimbursement and sometimes even paying back more than the value of the items (22:1).
  11. Damaging other people’s property requires reimbursement (22:5-6).
  12. Losing a neighbor’s property results in a stricter punishment if the person has received payment to keep his neighbor’s property safe (22:7-11). If he has been paid to keep it safe, he has to reimburse the value of the lost property. If he was not paid and kept his neighbor’s property as a favor, he makes an oath – swears by Yehovah – that he no longer has the property and doesn’t know where it is.
  13. Damage done to things borrowed from a neighbor results in a stricter if the neighbor has lent it out for free (22:14-15). If the things are damaged while lent to someone, that person must make full reimbursement. If the things are damaged while rented to someone, that person does not have to pay any more fee except for the rental fee.
  14. Lenders should not require high interest from borrowers, especially if they borrower is poor. Lenders trying to collect their loans should not take away from the borrower the basic property needed to live (22:25-27).
  15. Sex outside of marriage requires a wedding and marriage covenant. If no marriage covenant is made, the man must pay a fine to the family of the woman (22:16-17).
  16. Bestiality results in the death penalty (22:19).
  17. Sorcery and other dealings with evil spirits requires the death penalty (22:18).
  18. Sacrificing or worshiping any other god except for Yehovah results in the death penalty (22:20).
  19. We should generously and quickly give our offerings to God (22:29-30).

God gave great detail about maintaining justice in the courtroom by avoiding lies, avoiding partial justice, and having consistent laws even for foreigners (23:1-9). Overall, all of these instructions in this reading passage teach us to be fair and honest with people, regardless of their social status, financial status, gender, or nationality. We should take great strides to understand the purpose of each law and apply the spirit (principle) of the law to our own lives.

 

An ancient seat of Moses (of authority)

An ancient seat of Moses (of authority) from New Testament times, located at the old village of Chorazin

God re-emphasized the importance of the weekly Sabbath (23:10-12), and he introduced three major annual Sabbaths that require traveling to the religious center of Israel. (23:14-19). These three annual Sabbaths are called by different names in Scripture: (1) Passover, called Unleavened Bread (2) Pentecost, called Harvest (3) and Tabernacles, called Ingathering.

Yehovah repeated multiple times to obey all of his instructions. He emphatically stated that when Israel entered the promised land of Canaan, they were to completely obliterate the Canaanites and their religious structures (23:23-33). He gave instructions not to remember or speak about the names of other gods (23:13) or to do what other people do for worshiping other gods (23:19b). God promised them victory over their enemies, blessings, many children, health, and wellness if they obeyed him fully. God promised the borders of Israel would be from the Red Sea in the south to the Mediterranean Sea in the west, to the desert in the north, to the Euphrates in the east.

After giving all of these instructions, warnings, and promises, Moses made a blood covenant with the people of Israel. Moses read all of these laws to the people and sprinkled blood on them, sealing the contract that the people had made with God (24:1-8). Then God invited Moses and the chiefs of Israel to come up Mount Sinai where they saw God in some form (24:9-11). Moses climbed higher into the fiery mountain top and received a set of the Ten Commandments from God to replace the ones that he has broken (24:12-18).

Exodus 21 by Sweet Media

Exodus 21 by Sweet Media

Then he took the book of the covenant and read it in the hearing of the people; and they said, “All that Yehovah has spoken we will do, and we will be obedient!”

So Moses took the blood and sprinkled it on the people, and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant, which Yehovah has made with you in accordance with all these words.”

Exodus 24:7-8

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Pope Francis Declares ‘Muslim Terrorism Does Not Exist’, Pushes New World Order

“Christian terrorism does not exist, Jewish terrorism does not exist, and Muslim terrorism does not exist. They do not exist. No people is criminal or drug-trafficking or violent. “The poor and the poorer peoples are accused of violence yet, without equal opportunities, the different forms of aggression and conflict will find a fertile terrain for growth and will eventually explode.” There are fundamentalist and violent individuals in all peoples and religions—and with intolerant generalizations they become stronger because they feed on hate and xenophobia. By confronting terror with love, we work for peace.”

Sources:

Pope Francis Declares ‘Muslim Terrorism Does Not Exist’ As He Continues To Set The Stage For A One World Religion » Alex Jones’ Infowars: There’s a war on for your mind!

MESSAGE OF HIS HOLINESS POPE FRANCIS
ON THE OCCASION OF THE WORLD MEETINGS OF POPULAR MOVEMENTS
IN MODESTO (CALIFORNIA) [16-18 FEBRUARY 2017] (10 FEBRUARY 2017)

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