How Passover became Easter

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In 2016, there was a clear distinction between Passover and Easter. As most Christians know, Passover was the crucifixion day of Yeshua (Jesus). Three days later was the resurrection day. Therefore, Easter should always be three days after Passover. But we find that in 2016, Easter was one month before Passover. Something is obviously wrong here.


It’s quite easy to find the origin of the word Easter in a typical etymology dictionary, and it’s not exactly Christian in origin.

Easter etymology

So, why the discrepancy in dates? Why isn’t Easter, the supposed resurrection day of Yeshua (Jesus), three days after Passover, his crucifixion day? It’s because Easter has nothing at all to do with the resurrection day, and the Roman Catholic Church even uses the Gregorian solar calendar rather than the Biblical luni-solar calendar to calculate the date.

In the 1769 King James Version of the Bible, we see that Easter actually…

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Accredited college hires prof that denies the historicity of Jesus, suspends Christian student

Accredited private Rollins College in Florida suspended a Christian student for disagreeing with his Muslim professor over the historicity of Jesus.

Rollins College is accredited by the regional accreditation agency SACS (Southern Association of Colleges and Schools), which is itself approved by the US government’s Council for Higher Education Administration.

The Department of Education should re-evaluate whether it supports educational institutions that deny historical facts to pacify non-historical theological perspectives promulgated by religions such as Islam.

Student: ‘Our university should be a place where ideas can be spoken of without punishment.’

Full article: Christian student suspended after challenging Muslim prof’s claim that Jesus wasn’t crucified – The College Fix

To write a letter of complaint, contact President Grant H. Cornwell:

Office of the President
Rollins College
1000 Holt Ave. – 2711
T. 407.646.2120
F. 407.646.1501

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New Moon of Month 1 – Aviv (29 March 2017)

New Year’s Day: 29 March 2017 at evening

Passover (Day 14 Month 1): 12 April 2017 at evening

Unleavened Bread Sabbath (Day 15 Month 1): 13 April 2017 all day

Unleavened Bread Sabbath (Day 21 Month 1): 19 April 2017 all day

Pentecost (50 days after the first weekly Sabbath after Passover): 4 June 2017 all day

Exodus 13:3-10

3 Moses said to the people, “Remember this day in which you went out from Egypt, from the house of slavery; for by a powerful hand Yehovah brought you out from this place. And nothing leavened shall be eaten.
4 “On this day in the month of Aviv, you are about to go forth.
5 “It shall be when Yehovah brings you to the land of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Hivite and the Jebusite, which He swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, that you shall observe this rite in this month.
6 “For seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a feast to Yehovah.
7 “Unleavened bread shall be eaten throughout the seven days; and nothing leavened shall be seen among you, nor shall any leaven be seen among you in all your borders.
8 “You shall tell your son on that day, saying, ‘It is because of what Yehovah did for me when I came out of Egypt.’
9 “And it shall serve as a sign to you on your hand, and as a reminder on your forehead, that the law of Yehovah may be in your mouth; for with a powerful hand Yehovah brought you out of Egypt.
10 “Therefore, you shall keep this ordinance at its appointed time from year to year.”

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Scripture Portion of Week 21: Ki Tisa

Exodus 30:11-34:35

The previous readings described the production of the Tabernacle, furniture, utensils, and clothing of the priest. This portion continues with describing the census tax, anointing oil, and incense.

The census tax was a half-shekel, which was between 4.3 grams and 5.5 grams of silver, which is between $2.50 and $3.00 in 2016 US dollar. This tax was collected specifically for the service in the Tabernacle, then later for the Temple. Practically, as there no Temple in Jerusalem at this time, there is no census tax of this nature. The age of a person to be counted was from 20 years old, inferring that this was the common age men began to bring sacrifices to the Tabernacle in order to represent themselves and their families.

Judaean half shekel (68-70 CE), photo by Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.

The holy anointing oil was used to cleanse the items in the Tabernacle and to cleanse the bodies of the priests. While this is certainly spiritually symbolic of being set apart or chosen for service to God, it is also physically purifying as the ingredients of the holy anointing oil both sanitize and heal. 

Instructions on how to make the holy anointing oil utilize the Hebrew shekel and hin as measurements. Each shekel was between 9 and 11 grams, 11 grams being used for the following calculations. Each hin is 3.83 liters. The ingredients in English metric are: myrrh (5.5 kg), cinnamon (2.75 kg), cannabis (2.75 kg), cassia (5.5 kg), and olive oil (3.83 lit or 3.55 kg). The oil – as it was made in those exact proportions – was used only by the priests. The priests used this oil to cleanse or set apart things and other priests to the service of God. 

A type of oil perhaps similar to this was used to declare the next king of Israel (1 Samuel 9:16-17; 10:1; 10:9-10; 16:12-13; 1 Kings 1:39-40; 19:15-16). This is the picture meaning of the English word Messiah, which means the anointed one (Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ mashiach) who was anointed (Hebrew מָשַׁח mashach) with oil. In the New Testament, a type of oil was used to heal people (Mark 6:12-13; James 5:14-15; 1 John 2:20-21, 27). The followers of Yeshua in Antioch, current day Turkey, anointed people with oil and therefore were called Christians there (Acts 11:26). Christian (Χριστιανός Christianos) came from Christ (Χριστός Christos) which means anointed one. Christ came from anoint (Greek χρίω chrio).

After describing the ingredients and use of the holy anointing oil, Moses described the ingredients and use of the incense. Like the oil, the incense was to be used only by the designated priests in the religious service of God and not for ordinary means (30:32-33, 37-38). In prophetic literature, the incense represents the prayers of God’s people (Revelation 5:8; 8:3-4).

In the previous portion, God’s holy Spirit led men to accurately produce the clothing of the priests; He again affirmed this in this portion, that He filled them with His holy Spirit (28:3; 31:1-11).

Emphasizing the importance of the Fourth Commandment, Yehovah told Moses to repeat and expand on what the Sabbath means. God said that the Sabbath day was a sign of the covenant forever between Him and His people (31:13, 16). It is also a sign of the literal 6-day creation week in Genesis 1-2 (31:17). Obeying God’s commandment of the Sabbath shows that we know and rely on Yehovah alone to make us holy (31:13). God spoke this commandment along with all of the Ten Commandments directly to the people of Israel (Exodus 19); therefore, the two flat pieces of stones on which these commandments were written are called the tablets of testimony (31:18) because God’s instructions are true and His covenant is real. The people witnessed God’s words for themselves. God wrote the commandments in stone on Mount Sinai and gave them to Moses.

Mount Sinai, photo by Wyatt Archaeological Museum

Because Moses spent so long on Mount Sinai speaking with Yehovah, the people of Israel doubted that he would return. Moses was the mouthpiece for Yehovah and spoke as God (7:1) since Israel was afraid to hear God for themselves (19:18-21). They therefore needed a something solid and visible to represent God, something in which they could put their trust. The people of Israel force Aaron to make an idol for them, a golden calf; Aaron relented and did so (32:2-4), later being ashamed of his actions and lying to Moses that the golden calf had made itself without his intervention (32:24). Aaron told Israel, “This is your God” (32:4). Aaron also built an altar to make sacrifices in front of the golden calf and proclaimed a feast to Yehovah (32:5).

Altar of the golden calf, photo by Wyatt Archaeological Museum

In the mind of Israel, the golden calf was Yehovah. Today, people burn incense and offer food at the altar of their own gods, and some even offer animal sacrifices. Many Christians, who consider Jesus to be God Himself, keep statues and illustrations of him. Artwork is full of representations of the Trinity. The Roman Catholic Church displays pagan structures and presents them as Christian, such as the phallic symbol from Egypt.

St. Peter’s Basilica photo with Egyptian obelisk from Hierapolis, photo by David Iliff

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This Day in the Gospels (Day 14 Month 12)

Chronological Gospels Incident 149

John 11:17-46

(New American Standard Bible. Bible illustrations from Sweet Publishing.)

17 So when Jesus came, He found that he had already been in the tomb four days.
18 Now Bethany was near Jerusalem, about two miles off;
19 and many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary, to console them concerning their brother.
20 Martha therefore, when she heard that Jesus was coming, went to meet Him, but Mary stayed at the house.

21 Martha then said to Jesus, “Lord, if You had been here, my brother would not have died.
22 “Even now I know that whatever You ask of God, God will give You.”
23 Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.”
24 Martha said to Him, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day.” 25 Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life; he who believes in Me will live even if he dies,
26 and everyone who lives and believes in Me will never die. Do you believe this?”

27 She said to Him, “Yes, Lord; I have believed that You are the Christ, the Son of God, even He who comes into the world.”
28 When she had said this, she went away and called Mary her sister, saying secretly, “The Teacher is here and is calling for you.” 29 And when she heard it, she got up quickly and was coming to Him.
30 Now Jesus had not yet come into the village, but was still in the place where Martha met Him.
31 Then the Jews who were with her in the house, and consoling her, when they saw that Mary got up quickly and went out, they followed her, supposing that she was going to the tomb to weep there.
32 Therefore, when Mary came where Jesus was, she saw Him, and fell at His feet, saying to Him, “Lord, if You had been here, my brother would not have died.”

33 When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews who came with her also weeping, He was deeply moved in spirit and was troubled,
34 and said, “Where have you laid him?” They said to Him, “Lord, come and see.”
35 Jesus wept.
36 So the Jews were saying, “See how He loved him!”
37 But some of them said, “Could not this man, who opened the eyes of the blind man, have kept this man also from dying?”
38 So Jesus, again being deeply moved within, came to the tomb. Now it was a cave, and a stone was lying against it.

39 Jesus said, “Remove the stone.” Martha, the sister of the deceased, said to Him, “Lord, by this time there will be a stench, for he has been dead four days.”
40 Jesus said to her, “Did I not say to you that if you believe, you will see the glory of God?”

41 So they removed the stone. Then Jesus raised His eyes, and said, “Father, I thank You that You have heard Me.
42 “I knew that You always hear Me; but because of the people standing around I said it, so that they may believe that You sent Me.”

43 When He had said these things, He cried out with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come forth.”
44 The man who had died came forth, bound hand and foot with wrappings, and his face was wrapped around with a cloth. Jesus said to them, “Unbind him, and let him go.”

45 Therefore many of the Jews who came to Mary, and saw what He had done, believed in Him.
46 But some of them went to the Pharisees and told them the things which Jesus had done.

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Scripture Portion of Week 20: Tetzaveh

Exodus 27:20-30:10

The previous reading portion described the tabernacle and some of the furniture. One piece was the menorah, the 7 branched lampstand (25:31-38). In this portion, God instructed the priests to light the menorah daily as “a statute forever” (27:21). The menorah would later play a significant role in remembering Yehovah and become the symbol for Israel as a nation. Light and lampstand are symbols of Torah (law, teaching, instruction) and gospel (good news) throughout Scripture (Psalm 119:105; Proverbs 6:23; Isaiah 42:6; 51:4; Matthew 5:13-19; John 8:12; 9:5). The lampstand also appears in prophetic literature in the heavenly temple (Revelation 2:1) and as a symbol of being God’s people, a symbol that can be removed from God’s people for lack of repentance (Revelation 2:5).


Pottery piece of the Byzantine era depicting the menorah (324 to 640 CE), Temple Mount Sifting Project

God instructed Moses to find talented people that can produce the ornaments and clothing of the Aaronic priests, the sons of his brother Aaron. This talent came from God filling them with “a spirit of skill” (28:3). This spirit from God is the same spirit that created the heaven and earth (Genesis 1:2), convicted the world of sin (Genesis 6:3), gives life to all things (Genesis 7:22; Acts 17:28), and gave to Joseph the wisdom that he needed to give Pharaoh counsel (Genesis 41:38).

One ornament was the breastpiece of judgment (28:4, 15) also called an ephod, having various parts. Two parts were called the Urim and the Thummim. Placed in this breastpiece were 12 stones with the names of the 12 sons of Israel to represent the 12 tribes of Israel. Similarly, another ornament was the pair of golden shoulder pieces with “stones of remembrance” (28:12) set in them on which are written the names of the 12 tribes. If a conflict or question of law arose, and it was not clear from the Torah, the priest adorned himself with the breast piece and represented the people before Yehovah in order to receive an answer – a judgment from God (Leviticus 8:8; Numbers 27:21; Deuteronomy 17:8-11; 1 Samuel 28:6; Ezra 2:63; Nehemiah 7:65).

Aaron shall carry the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of judgment over his heart when he enters the holy place, for a memorial before Yehovah continually. You shall put in the breastpiece of judgment the Urim and the Thummim, and they shall be over Aaron’s heart when he goes in before Yehovah; and Aaron shall carry the judgment of the sons of Israel over his heart before Yehovah continually.

Exodus 28:29-30

Just as God’s name, Yehovah, is a name to be remembered (translated memorial), so also God remembered the names of his people Israel when the priest represented them. As the menorah has significant meaning in prophetic literature, so does the breastpiece of the priest. As the stones of the breastpiece had the names of Israel engraved on them, so will new stones have the names of God’s people; God will give his people stones with their names symbolizing God’s acceptance and their new life (Isaiah 56:5; Revelation 2:17).

The History of the Costume by Braun and Schneider

Another ornament that the priest wore was the golden crown inscribed with “Holy to Yehovah” (28:36-38). At the consecration – the purification ceremony appointing an Aaronic priest to represent the nation – the priest had this crown placed on his had and was anointed with the holy anointing oil (29:6-7). Anoint (Hebrew מָשַׁח mashach) is the origin of the word Messiah, which means anointed one. It can refer to priests, kings, or the future savior of Israel who will possess the power and spirit of God. In prophetic literature, the phrase “Holy to Yehovah” will be written on various items in the new Jerusalem during the Messiah’s kingdom, such as cooking pots, bells, and items used in the Temple (Zechariah 14:20-21).

High Priest’s Crown by the Temple Institute

As another part of the consecration of the priests, they are sprinkled with the blood of the animal sacrifice that is mixed with the anointing oil (29:21). This can be understood to be a form of atonement for them, just as the horns of the golden altar of incense are smeared with blood in order to atone it on the annual Atonement Day (30:6-10). The altar of incense was cleansed on Atonement Day as “it is most holy to Yehovah” (30:10). In prophetic literature, the incense burned at the altar in heaven represents the prayers of God’s people (Revelation 5:8; 8:3-4).

High priest offering incense, from Treasures of the Bible by Henry Davenport Northrop (1894)

As a result of carefully following God’s instructions in reproducing what God had revealed to him, Moses and the family of Aaron were able to meet with God in the Tabernacle.

I will meet there with the sons of Israel, and it shall be consecrated by My glory.

I will consecrate the tent of meeting and the altar; I will also consecrate Aaron and his sons to minister as priests to Me.

I will dwell among the sons of Israel and will be their God.

They shall know that I am Yehovah their God who brought them out of the land of Egypt, that I might dwell among them; I am Yehovah their God.

Exodus 29:43-46

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This Day in the Gospels (Day 8 of Month 12)

Chronological Gospels Incident 148

John 11:1-16 (New American Standard Bible)

1 Now a certain man was sick, Lazarus of Bethany, the village of Mary and her sister Martha.
2 It was the Mary who anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped His feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.
3 So the sisters sent word to Him, saying, “Lord, behold, he whom You love is sick.”


4 But when Jesus heard this, He said, “This sickness is not to end in death, but for the glory of God, so that the Son of God may be glorified by it.”
5 Now Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus.
6 So when He heard that he was sick, He then stayed two days longer in the place where He was.
7 Then after this He said to the disciples, “Let us go to Judea again.”
8 The disciples said to Him, “Rabbi, the Jews were just now seeking to stone You, and are You going there again?”

9 Jesus answered, “Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world.
10 “But if anyone walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him.”
11 This He said, and after that He said to them, “Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep; but I go, so that I may awaken him out of sleep.”
12 The disciples then said to Him, “Lord, if he has fallen asleep, he will recover.”
13 Now Jesus had spoken of his death, but they thought that He was speaking of literal sleep.
14 So Jesus then said to them plainly, “Lazarus is dead,
15 and I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, so that you may believe; but let us go to him.”
16 Therefore Thomas, who is called Didymus, said to his fellow disciples, “Let us also go, so that we may die with Him.”

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